Joan Miro (1893-1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist who was a leading figure in the Surrealist movement. He was born in Barcelona, Spain, and was the son of a goldsmith. Miro was trained as a painter at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona, and he began his career as a conventional painter, but he soon turned to Surrealism and became one of the movement's most prominent figures.
Miro's work is characterized by its abstract and Surrealist elements, as well as its use of bright, bold colors and organic forms. He is known for his paintings, which often feature biomorphic shapes and symbolic figures, as well as his sculptural works, which are often constructed from found objects. Miro was also a prolific printmaker, and he produced numerous prints and lithographs throughout his career.
In addition to his work as an artist, Miro was also an avid collector of Surrealist art, and he owned a large collection of works by other Surrealist artists. He was also a patron of the arts and supported the careers of many young artists. Miro died in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, in 1983, at the age of 90.